South Africa will need to find additional resources for the next phase once the current deficit is overcome. The country plans to replace its many coal-fired power plants with cleaner technologies and will need additional capacity for the transition.
South Africa needs to buy more electricity from Mozambique to cover the shortfall caused by the closure of its coal-fired plants. The rainbow nation wants to replace these with gas-fired technology.
South Africa's Minister of Mineral Resources and Energy, Gwede Mantashe, was in Maputo to discuss the issue with his Mozambican counterpart, Max Tonela.
Mozambique has natural gas and hydropower resources. The closure of coal-fired power plants in South Africa provides an opportunity to export more electricity to that country.
Pretoria has 16 coal-fired power plants, all of which will have to be closed and replaced. According to Minister Mantashe, "this is an opportunity that Mozambique can seize.
Energy is a resource that should be used for the development of our own economy, but also for export," he said.
For him, Mozambique could cooperate with South Africa in the field of energy since the country has clean sources of electricity.
South Africa already buys electricity from Hydroelectrica de Cahora Bassa (HCB), the company that operates the Cahora Bassa dam on the Zambezi River. The country imports about 9,000 gigawatt hours of electricity per year from Cahora Bassa.
In addition, the South African company Sasol operates the Pande and Temane natural gas fields in Inhambane province in southern Mozambique.
It also operates the Temane gas processing facility. An 865-kilometer pipeline links Temane to Secunda, South Africa, where Sasol's gas distribution network begins.
Gwladys Johnson Akinocho