On the West African coast, competition is tough. The main ports are not skimping on the means to become reference platforms on the continent. Here is our ranking of the top 10 largest ports in Africa !
The port of Dar es Salaam is the main port serving Tanzania. The port is one of the country's three seaports and handles over 90% of the country's freight traffic. According to the International Association of Ports and Harbours, it is the fourth largest port on the Indian Ocean coast of the African continent after Durban, Mombasa and Maputo. The port serves as a gateway for trade and commerce for Tanzania and many bordering countries.
Located at the intersection of the maritime lines linking Europe to South America, North America to South Africa, the port of Dakar, benefits from an exceptional geographical position. This allows ships coming from the North to have a navigation gain of two (2) to three (3) days compared to other ports on the West African coast. With a stable and well-secured 177 ha body of water, a 195m channel recently dredged at -13 m from the landing buoy n°12 to the Container Terminal (i.e. about 700,000 m3 of residues to be mobilized).
The port of Tema is the largest port in Ghana. Located on the east coast of the country, it covers an area of 3.9 million square metres. The port receives on average more than 1650 calls per year. These include container ships, general cargo vessels, tankers, Ro-Ro's and cruise ships among many others.
85% of Ghana's trade is conducted through the ports with shipping routes and calls from ships to and from all continents through direct and transhipment services.
One of the largest in Africa, Tangier Med Port is located in northern Morocco, 40 km east of Tangier on the Strait of Gibraltar in the Mediterranean. It is located just 14 km from the Spanish coast, and is on the East-West global sea trade route between Asia, Europe and North America.
Thanks to this strategic position, Tanger Med has become a logistics platform at the gateway to Europe by leveraging just-in-time production operations. The Port is located on the world's second busiest seaway, the Strait of Gibraltar, with more than 100,000 ships per year.
Port Said is the port with the largest port traffic in the world. It is located at the eastern entrance to the Suez Canal (north of the Gulf of Suez). It is one of the largest container ports in the region and has links with Africa, Europe, the Middle East and Asia.
Situated on the West African coast almost at equal distance between the ports of Senegal and Cameroon, the Port of Abidjan is at the crossroads of the main maritime lines coming from Europe, Asia and America.
This ideal geographical position coupled with the quality of services and the synergy of skills and expertise that characterize the Port Community of Abidjan, make this modern logistics platform qualify as a major commercial, fishing, transit and transhipment port of West and Central Africa.
At the beginning of 2018, the Beninese government entrusted the management of the Autonomous Port of Cotonou, the administrative structure, to the Port of Antwerp International (PAI), with a view to reorganising and restructuring the administration: computerisation of services, dissemination of a code of good conduct, staff training, etc. The PAI has been in charge of the management of the port since the beginning of 2018.
A good deal because the Port of Cotonou is today the most attractive port in the whole of West Africa and is the port with the most traffic in French-speaking West Africa, thus becoming Côte d'Ivoire, the port giant of this region.
After this first phase of readjustment, colossal works should start in 2020, the investment plan of 300 billion CFA francs (450 million euros) having been validated by the government.
The port of Lagos is one of the largest ports in Africa. Situated in the South-West of Nigeria (Atlantic Coast) - West Africa, it is home to the largest private terminal operators and the largest container terminal : Apapa, managed for A. P. Moller-Maersk. The Bua Group (Abdulsamad Rabiu) has a refinery in the port.
The port of Djibouti is located at the southern entrance to the Red Sea, at the intersection of the main international shipping lines linking Asia, Africa and Europe.
The port is a minimal distance from the main East-West trade route and is a secure regional centre for the transhipment and relay of goods. Since 1998, the port has handled 100% of Ethiopia's maritime traffic, which moves to and from Addis Ababa by truck and rail. To accommodate this important activity, the port has provided many additional parking areas. The port of Djibouti is ideally located to serve the COMESA market, linking 19 countries and 380 million people.
The port of Mombasa is still the most important seaport in East Africa. It is the sea entry not only for Kenya but also for countries without access to the sea, such as Uganda (90% of its imports transit through Kilindini23 ), Burundi or Rwanda; goods are transported there either by the Mombasa-Nairobi-Tororo railway line or by the A8 Trans-African Highway via the border town of Malaba, where about 700 trucks cross the border daily.
Tangier Med is the second largest port in Africa. Located on the Strait of Gibraltar, it is connected to more than 180 ports worldwide, offers handling capacities for 9 million containers, 7 million passengers, 700,000 trucks and 1 million vehicles.
Tangier Med is an industrial platform for more than 1,000 companies representing an annual business volume of 8,000 MEUR in various sectors such as automotive, aeronautics, logistics, textiles and trade.
The Port of Durban, commonly known as the Port of Durban, is the largest and busiest shipping terminal in sub-Saharan Africa. It handles up to 31.4 million tonnes of cargo each year. It is the fourth largest container terminal in the southern hemisphere. It is the largest port in Africa.